Claudio Monteverdi (Cremona 1567 – Venice 1643) was an Italian composer whose work marked the transition from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period.  He was recognized as an innovative composer and wrote one of the earliest operas, L’Orfeo, an innovative work that is the earliest surviving opera that is still regularly performed.

Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria  (The Return of Ulysses to his Homeland) is an opera in a prologue and five acts (later revised to three), set by Claudio Monteverdi to a libretto by Giacomo Badoaro. The opera was first performed at the Teatro Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice during the 1639–1640 carnival season. The story, taken from the second half of Homer’s Odyssey, tells how constancy and virtue are ultimately rewarded, treachery and deception overcome.

The entire opera directed by Gabriel Garrido (taken from You Tube) can be listened to on this web page, interpreted by Ensembles Elyma and Euphonia and the chorus Antonio Il Verso, soprano María Cristina Kiehr, mezzo-soprano Gloria Banditelli, baritone Furio Zanasi and tenor Jean-Paul Fouchécourt.  The aria Di misera regina, Penelope’s sorrowful lament interpreted by Gloria Banditelli (Act I, Scene I), starts at minute 14:20 of the recording.